Australia Facts for Kids: Information for School Projects

Looking for some fun facts about Australia so you can learn more about your home country? Or maybe you’re searching for kids’ facts on Australia for a school presentation? This Australia facts for kids article will share so many interesting Australia facts to help you out.

If you’re looking for other facts for kids, be sure to check out the rest of our facts for kids articles here.


Australia is a vast country in the southern hemisphere. The 6th largest country in the world, and the only country that covers an entire continent, our home is filled with incredible wildlife, ancient landscapes, breathtaking beaches and a rich and vibrant culture. 

  • The capital city of Australia is Canberra.
  • In Australia, our currency is the Australian dollar.
  • There are 26 million people living Down Under.
  • Australia’s seasons are opposite to those in the northern hemisphere. While we’re wearing thongs and swimmers at Christmas, people living in the northern hemisphere are enjoying snow and frost.
  • Australia is a very dry country. In fact, aside from Antarctica, it is the driest content in the world. The annual rainfall in Australia is less than 600mm for more than 80 per cent of the country.
  • The head of state in Australia is the British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II.


In Australia we are fortunate to have the richest and oldest continuing culture in the world. The culture of Australia’s Aboriginal people is the oldest in the world – Aboriginal Australian Culture dates back more than 60,000 years.

Today the population of Australia consists of more than 270 ethnic groups with many immigrants from the UK, Ireland, Italy, Germany, China, India, Greece and many other countries. 

How many states are in Australia?

Australia is divided into six states, and two territories. Each of Australia’s states and territories has a capital city. These are as follows: 

  • Queensland (capital city Brisbane)
  • New South Wales (capital city Sydney)
  • Victoria (capital city Melbourne)
  • South Australia (capital city Adelaide)
  • Western Australia (capital city Perth)
  • Tasmania (capital city Hobart)
  • Northern Territory (capital city Darwin)
  • Australian Capital Territory (capital city Canberra)


Check out this kids’ map of Australia to help visualise the layout of Australia and see where all of the states and territories are located. 

kids map of Australia

Find the perfect map of Australia for your school project here.


Australia Facts for kids

Australia has some of the world’s most amazing natural landmarks. Let’s explore some of them below…

Australia is home to the largest barrier reef in the world – the Great Barrier Reef in Queensland. It’s also home to the largest fringing reef – the Ningaloo Reef in Western Australia. If you visit Australia’s reefs you’ll get to see stunning coral formations, swim with turtles and come face to face with real-life Nemos (aka clown fish). 

There are many types of rainforests around Australia, including tropical, sub-tropical, warm-temperate and cool-temperate rainforests. Rainforests are very important for the conservation of our biodiversity in Australia. A huge proportion of our plant and wildlife call them home, so it’s important to protect them. The Daintree Rainforest in Queensland is the most famous rainforest in Australia but there are lots of others to explore too. 

Australia is home to the four largest sand islands in the world. The largest sand island in Australia is K’gari (Fraser Island) followed by Stradbroke Island (Minjerribah), Moreton Island (Mulgumpin) and Bribie Island (Yarun).

Australia Facts for kids

One of Australia’s most iconic natural features is Uluru. This is a huge sacred red rock in the centre of the country in an area known as the ‘Red Centre’. It has cultural significance for the First Nations peoples and it is one of the most incredible sights. 

There are many other natural attractions around Australia including impressive rock formations, pink lakes and waterfalls. 


Did you know that Australia is known for its unique animals and wildlife? Australia is home to many native animals including the cuddly koalas, platypus, kangaroosechidnas and dingoes – these are animals that can only be found in the wild in Australia. 

Australia is also home to a range of deadly spiders, venomous snakes and jellyfish.  

Get Australian animal stickers to decorate your school project – click here.


Australia Facts for kids

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are the first peoples of Australia. They were here 60k + years prior to colonisation.

Dutch sailors were amongst the first Europeans to arrive in Australia in 1606. The First Fleet of 11 ships from Europe brought European and African settlers over in 1788. Many of these were convicts. That first voyage to Australia took over 250 days to cross the oceans!

The British colonisation had a devastating impact on communities that already inhabited the land and there was much conflict. 

Check out this range of books on Australian history for kids, they are awesome!


Australia Facts for kids

Gold was discovered in Australia in 1851 near Bathurst in New South Wales. This paved the way for immigrants to come seeking their fortune. This greatly expanded the population in Australia as people flocked to the country looking for opportunities. 


Australia has been a continent for around 55 million years, but its history goes back much further. 

The earth’s crust is made of moving plates, with landmasses drifting very slowly. These landmasses were like jigaws puzzles that slotted together but over millions of years they moved. Supercontinents formed and broke apart. 

Gondwana was the supercontinent that was created when the larger supercontinent Pangea broke apart. Originally made up of Africa, South America, India, Madagascar, Australia and New Zealand, it continued to disperse. The last of the plates to split was the Antarctic plate 45 million years ago.

The Australian plate is still drifting at a rate of 3cm per year, so it’s not moving enough for us to notice in our lifetime but there is still movement happening.

What is most fascinating is that there is wildlife and geology connections between Australia and the other countries that were also once part of Gondwana. This means rocks and fossils in Australia match up with those found in other countries from a time when they were one landmass. 


Australia is the smallest continent of the seven and it’s sometimes referred to as Oceania. The Australia continent also includes New Guinea and a range of other islands.

The continent of Australia covers a total land area of 8.56 million square kilometres.


The geography of Australia is very diverse. We have snow-capped mountains, many kilometres of beaches, rich rainforests, thriving urban areas, wild grasslands and remote deserts. 

Because much of the interior of the country is arid, the majority of people live around the coast where it is cooler and we have a higher rainfall. Around 35% of Australia is desert landscape. 


Most of Australia has four seasons (spring, summer, autumn and winter), although the tropical north has just two: wet season and dry season. It’s important to consider the season and the location when travelling in Australia.

As Australia is so vast, the weather can be very different across the states and territories. While one state might have a beautifully sunny day, another might have snow! 

Australia faces challenges with climate change as our temperatures increase and we have more extreme droughts, fire seasons and floods. 

Rising sea levels and changes in water temperature are changing our marine ecosystems. Our oceans are essential for the future of our planet so we need to do what we can to protect them (you can learn more about climate change here).

Get a beautiful book full of facts about Australia here.


I hoped this article of Australia facts for kids helped you learn plenty of new Australia facts! 

You can find more of our facts for kids articles below.

More fun facts for kids

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Janine Mergler

Janine has a Bachelor of Education (Secondary) from the Queensland University of Technology and works as an editor of the popular Families Magazine. When she is not writing, proofing or creating content on social media, Janine spends her time travelling the world with her son and planning her travels with her son. She has visited over 50 countries which means she can collect and write fun facts about people, the countries they live in and animals she encounters as well as the way they are interconnected.

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